The BURROUGH family

in Bowerchalke, Broad Chalke and Bristol

Hedley, Nellie and mother Maria at Barn Orchard

Hedley, Nellie and mother Maria at Barn Orchard

Barn Orchard before the second world war

Barn Orchard before the second world war

 

The Family Tree

The Family Tree

The Photo Album

The Photo Album

Map

Map

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Bristol 1920 to 1970

Bristol about 1920 - 1970

 
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General History of the Burrough Family in Bowerchalke and Broad Chalke

The earliest definite ancestor found for the Broad Chalke branch of the Burrough family is William Burrough who was born in 1723 and lived in Bowerchalke. Burrough is a common surname in Wiltshire, Dorset and Somerset.

The Burrough family were small farmers, basketmakers, builders and carpenters and Thomas (1) moved to Broad Chalke about 1799. They have owned or rented numerous houses and plots of land at the north east part of Broad Chalke and John Burrough, born in 1812, is known to have built two cottages near Sun Cottage.

Several marriages are recorded with members of other local families such as Golding, Gould, Morris, Witt and Arnold.

Three of four brothers in the 1800s were non-conformists and are buried in the United Reformed Church graveyard.

Abner, born in 1823, emigrated to New South Wales with his wife Elizabeth and they returned later.

Hedley, born in 1876, trained as a solicitor and worked as a manager for the YMCA in Brighton and Newport Mon. He returned to Broad Chalke for his retirement and kept pigs, chickens, ducks and geese at Barn Orchard.

Hedley's daughter Eve also retired to Broad Chalke and the family has retained properties to the present day.

 

The Burrough coat of arms

 Burrough coat of arms

The Burroughs coat of arms

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Burroughs Coat of Arms
Burroughs Coat of Arms
Burroughs
 

The name Burroughs was brought to England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Burroughs family lived in Hampshire. The name was given to settlements located near a hill, and is from the Old English beorg, which means hill. It is from one of many English settlements so named that this family take their name.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Burrough, Burgh, Borrows, Burrowes, Burroughs, Burrows, Burroughes and many more. First found in Hampshire where they were descended from Hubert de Burgh, who became Lord of the Manor of Tichfield in that county.

Details from Wills and other documents

 
1642
Grace Burrow; lived at Bowerchalke; Administration Bond, Inventory listed in Wiltshire Probate Index 1546-1864 ref. P2/B/677
 
1681
Richard Burrough; Yeoman of Bowerchalke; Inventory, Will; listed in Wiltshire Probate Index 1546-1864 ref. P2/B/989
 
10/09/1686
Richard Borough died; burial date in Broad Chalke
 
1687
Richard Burrow; Yeoman of Bowerchalke; Inventory, Will; listed in Wiltshire Probate Index 1546-1864 ref. P2/B/1083
 
09/02/1723
William Burrough (1) born; lived at Bowerchalke; married Joan Gravett of Limester (born 1/8/1736)
 
1758
Richard Burrough; lived at Bowerchalke; married Mary Compton of Martin; listed in Wiltshire Marriages 1701-1845
 
1763
John Burrow; lived at Bowerchalke; Will listed in Wiltshire Probate Index 1546-1864 ref. P2/B/1790
 
1771
John Burrough (1) born, son of William (1) and Joan (source: Bowerchalke Census 1841)
 
20/11/1775
Thomas Burrough (1) born, son of William (1) and Joan; he kept a diary of "remarkable occurrences" between 1800 and 1830
 
1781
Thomas Burrow; lived at Bowerchalke; Administration Bond listed in Wiltshire Probate Index 1546-1864 ref. P2/B/1983
 
 
Emma, daughter of William (1) and Joan, married William Goulding (Golden)
(John (1) and Thomas (1) mentioned as sons in Joan's Will 1820)
 
25/01/1794
William (1) died
 
29/07/1797
Richard Burrow and John Burrough (1?) mentioned in covenant, both husbandmen of Bowerchalke. Richard had a son John (2) and daughter Elizabeth
 
1798
Richard Burrow; lived at Bowerchalke; Will listed in Wiltshire Probate Index 1546-1864 ref. P2/B/2133
 
1799
Thomas (1) owned Phoenix Cottage*
 
1800
William Burrough; lived at Bowerchalke; Administration Bond listed in Wiltshire Probate Index 1546-1864 ref. P2/1800/48
 
1803
Maria Morris born (first wife of Thomas (2); (source: 1851 Census age 48 born 1803)
 
23/11/1808
Thomas (1) married Nanny Gould (born 1/9/1783)
 
03/03/1810
Thomas Burrough (2) born, son of Thomas (1) and Nanny; became a carpenter and coffin maker
 
04/10/1810
John Burrough (1) bachelor of Bowerchalke married Betsy Norris of Bowerchalke; marriage license; listed in Wiltshire Marriages 1701-1845; assumed to be the same John (1), brother of Thomas (1), and with Will probate dated 27/12/1852. If it is John (1), he was the eldest son of William, and Thomas (1), born in 1771. However, It could be the son John (2) of Richard Burrow. Richard married in 1758 so his son John (2) could be about age 50 at this date. Betsey was aged 62 (born 1779) in the 1841 Bowerchalke Census
 
1811
Lease from the earl of Pembroke to John Burrough (1?)
 
21/06/1812
John Burrough (3) born, son of Thomas (1) and Nanny; became a builder in Bowerchalke
 
11/01/1815
William Burrough (2) born, son of Thomas (1) and Nanny; became a basketmaker in Broad Chalke
 
31/08/1820
Joan died. Will mentions John (1), Sally, William Golden (Goulding?) on behalf of his wife (Emma), Molly, Thomas (1); John (1) and Thomas (1) mentioned as sons
 
04/10/1823
Abner Burrough born, son of Thomas (1) and Nanny; became a basketmaker and farmer in Broad Chalke; emigrated to New South Wales and returned
 
1829-1832
Thomas (1) owned Sun Cottage*. Where did he live after 1832 unless he moved to Barn Orchard at this date?
 
12/06/1839
Document of John Burrough (3) mentions brother Abner, a minor
 
1840
Maria Thick born (second wife of Thomas (2); (source: williamsfamilytree; christened 27/12/1840)
 
1840-1880
Thomas (2) and William (2) leased Penny Cottage but did not live there*. It is believed that Abner worked there with William as they were both basket-makers but Abner was still a minor so presumably could not be named as a tenant
 
09/06/1843
Thomas (1) died
 
15/06/1844
Nanny died
 
1844
Thomas (2) owned Scammells now known as Ivon House*
 
15/10/1846
Thomas (2) married Maria (1) Morris. The Church burial records show two other Marias buried in Thomas Burrough graves, one was his second wife and the other a daughter who died young.
 
07/06/1847
Document for purchase of land mentions Thomas (2) of North Street, presumably in Sun Cottage which he had inherited from Thomas (1), as sole purchasor of land "for the lives of Samuel Parrot and William West" but only for the term of his life for 6/8d per annum. Possibly Barn Orchard
 
1847-1851
Between these dates the Burrough family must have taken possession of Barn Orchard but it could have been as early as 1832
 
05/02/1848
William (2) married Emma Gould
 
13/03/1848
Burial of Thomas Burrows aged 62 at Broad Chalke Church; unknown relationship
 
1849
Lease of Phoenix Cottage changed from Thomas (2) to Abner*
 
1850-1869
Abner owned Phoenix Cottage and two gardens*
 
1851
William and Abner lived in one part of Scammells (Ivon House); Thomas (2) lived at Barn Orchard*
 
27/12/1852
Probate of Will of John Burrough mentions brother Thomas whose sons were Thomas, William and Abner. He is mentioned before Thomas in the Will of Joan Burrough so he is assumed to be older than Thomas. If this was John (1) who was adult in 1797 (covenant 1797), he was born in 1771 (source: Bowerchalke Census 1841) and he would be 81 years old at this date. His brother Thomas (1) had sons Thomas (2), William (2) and Abner. Another son of Thomas (1), John (3), was still alive but not mentioned - why not? If this is the Will of John (3) who would have been 40 years old, then his brother Thomas (2) did not have sons Thomas, William and Abner. John (2) did not have a brother Thomas. It is most likely the Will of John (1) who presumably had no children
 
27/01/1853
Abner married Elizabeth Gould
 
20/04/1853
Abner and Elizabeth emigrated to Australia and lived in New South Wales for a time and daughter Maria Louisa was born and baptised there. Two other children died young in Australia and another after their return.
 
1853
William (2) owned Sun Cottage; tenanted by George Hewett*
 
12/03/1855
Ann born, daughter of Abner and Elizabeth, died 15/3/1855
 
05/10/1856
Elizabeth Kate born, daughter of Abner and Elizabeth, died 29/10/1856
 
23/07/1858
Maria Louisa born, daughter of Abner and Elizabeth; baptised 22/9/1858 at Ryde, New South Wales; married Frederick Witt
 
26/03/1859
Maria (1) née Morris died and was buried in the grave of Thomas (1) and Nanny because Thomas (2) had not yet died although Maria could not have been a wife of Thomas (1). Maria's name is carved on the back of the headstone. She was aged 58 (Source: Church burial records) although if she was born in 1803 (1851 Census) she would have been about 56; she was about 33 to 35 years old when she married Thomas (2) in 1846 and she died before Thomas (2)'s children were born. Thomas (2) later married Maria née Thick who was 30 years younger than him and they had six children.
 
20/06/1860
Abner, Elizabeth and daughter Maria Louisa returned to Broad Chalke on 27/06/1860. Two other children died young in Australia and another was born and died after their return.
 
19/05/1861
John Alexander born, son of Abner and Elizabeth
 
1861
William and Emma lived in one part of Scammells (now called Ivon House) and Abner and Elizabeth in the other part*
 
1862
Thomas (2) married Maria Thick (source williamsfamilytree; registration December 1862)
 
1863
Julia Ellen Burrough born, daughter of Thomas (2) and Maria (2); married Alfred Hammond. Handley Hammond has information that Julia was "walking out" with Alfred but Maria (2) (C of E) did not approve of marriage to Alfred (a Plymouth Brother and member of the United Reformed Church). Religion or his perceived inadequate job in an outfitter's shop may have been the reason. She became a court dressmaker in Brighton, married someone else there but her husband died so she returned to Broad Chalke and married Alfred, probably still with the disapproval of her mother Maria (2).
It seems that Thomas (2) married second wife Maria née Thick, had six children by her, Julia Ellen (born 1863), Adelaide Maria (born 1864, died in infancy), Nellie (born 1865) and Thomas Gravett (born about 1868, died in infancy), Mina Kate and Hedley Gravett.
There are three Burrough graves in All Saints' Churchyard; one with Thomas (1), Nanny and Maria (1); one with Adelaide Maria aged 2 years and 8 months and Thomas Gravett aged 23 months; and another with Thomas (2), Maria (2) and Mina Kate with her infant son.
 
06/04/1864
Adelaide Maria Burrough, born, daughter of Thomas (2) and Maria (1)
 
?/12/1865
Cornelia Emma (Nellie) Burrough, born, daughter of Thomas (2) and Maria (1)
 
10/11/1866
Adelaide Maria died aged 2 years and 8 months; buried in a grave next to Thomas (1) because Thomas (2) had not yet died. (Source: Church burial records with surname Burrough)
 
about 1868
Thomas Gravett Burrough, born, son of Thomas (2) and Maria (1)
 
18/08/1870
Thomas Gravett died aged 23 months, a child of Thomas and Maria (1), and is buried in the grave of Adelaide Maria next to Thomas (1) because Thomas (2) had not yet died. (Source: Church burial records)
 
08/12/1870
Will of Thomas Burrough (2) mentions two brothers John (3) and William (2), but the third brother Abner is not mentioned although still alive - why not? He had returned from New South Wales. Thomas (2) had not died at this date; he died on 9/4/1880.
 
02/04/1871
Maria Thick is shown as in Bishopstone in the 1871 Census (source: williamsfamilytree) but shown as wife of Thomas (2) in the Broad Chalke 1871 Census
 
1871-1894
Thomas (2) leased Tank Cottage*
 
1872-1900
John (3) owned Phoenix Cottage; let it to Fred Witt 1885-1896*
 
1872
Mina Kate Burrough born, daughter of Thomas (2) and Maria (2); married Mr Arnold; son Harry Arnold and his wife Eve lived in British Columbia and their son Ira is still there. Handley Hammond says that information passed down to him was that Mr Arnold, a farmer, was not held in high regard
 
02/10/1874
John Alexander died
 
1874-1879
Various Burrough references in Fovant Marriages
 
11/07/1876
Hedley Gravett Burrough born, son of Thomas (2) and Maria (2). (Thomas was 66 years old at this time and she would have been 35 years old). Area manager for YMCA; lived at Eastbourne and Newport Mon.; retired to Barn Orchard, Broad Chalke
 
09/04/1880
Thomas (2) died. His gravestone is in the All Saints Church graveyard. The gravestone shows his wife Maria's name carved before Mina Kate even though Maria (2) died 22 years later than Mina. Possibly the gravestone, which is in excellent condition, is not Thomas's original in 1880 but dates from 1924 when Maria (2) died. The Will, dated 8/12/1870, proved 18/9/1883, mentions land rented from King's College, Cambridge, and says that he lived in North Street, Broad Chalke although another document suggests that he was living in Barn Orchard in 1851
 
1881
Abner owned Sun Cottage. He and Elizabeth were still there in 1891*
 
23/12/1892
Will of William Burrough (2); mentions brother Abner and the four children of the late Thomas (2), Julia, Cornelia, Mina and Hedley Gravett and niece Louisa Witt, but not brother John (3) who was still alive. Probate 23/12/1895, copy 7/12/1897
 
1894
William owned Ivon House (previously Scammells)*
 
29/12/1894
William (2) died. His grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard. In his Will he left money to the children of Thomas (2)* but Ivon House became owned by John (3)
 
About 1895
John (3) built two cottages near Sun Cottage*
 
1895
John (3) owned Ivon House; let it to Fred Witt* and eventually Hedley Burrough presumably inherited it from either John or his aunt Maria Louisa (Mrs Witt) and sold it to Captain Dale probably in the 1940s
 
05/03/1896
Abner died. His grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard
 
1900
Mrs Elizabeth Burrough (Abner's widow) owned Chapel Cottage; leased to Fred Thick after 1907. She also owned Hydon House, a thatched cottage at the time next to a barn at the rear of the Chapel Cottage land*
 
23/04/1900
John (3) died. His grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard
 
25/04/1901
Mrs Elizabeth Burrough (Abner's widow) and Maria Louisa Witt (her daughter) gave a plot of land in High Lane for a nominal ten shillings to enable the manse to be built for the Congregational Church (source: Conveyance in the Broad Chalke Archive)
 
27/05/1902
Mina Kate died aged 29. She is buried with an infant son in the same grave as Thomas (2) and Maria (2). She must have died a long time before her husband so must have been buried in her father's grave
 
about 1906
Eveline Rose Burrough born; daughter of Hedley and Caroline Rosina Potter; worked at the Bank of England in London; retired to Barn Orchard and later Penny Cottage, Broad Chalke
 
1907
Abner's widow Elizabeth lived at Sun Cottage* (probably as owner as Abner had owned it earlier)
 
30/04/1910
Thomas Hedley Bruce Burrough born at Newport (Mon); son of Hedley and Caroline Rosina Potter; Architect in Bristol; married Helen Mary Dickson 18/10/1941
 
31/05/1914
Abner's widow Elizabeth died
 
30/07/1914
John Dennett Burrough born; son of Hedley and Caroline Rosina Potter; killed by bomb at Plymouth 21/4/1941
 
12/1921
Document mentions purchase of Broadchalke property, presumably Barn Orchard, for 500 from the Provost & Scholars of King's College, Cambridge vested in the names of Mrs Burrough (Maria) and Mr Hewitt. Since Maria was already living there it must have been rented before
 
26/03/1923
Letters concerning the purchase of Penny Cottage by Eva Penny from Lord Pembroke for £81 including insurances and legal fees.
 
3/10/1924
Maria (2) née Thick died aged 83. In her Will all her estate went to her two step-daughters Julia Ellen Hammond and Cornelia Emma "Nellie" and son Hedley Gravett. Mina had already died.
 
26/04/1940
Hedley bought Tank Cottage from Thomas and Ethel Jeans for 40. About this time it is believed he also swapped a field called Goose Green (beyond the field opposite the entrance to Chalk Pyt House, on the hill beyond the hedge) for a 3 acre field adjacent to Barn Orchard, opposite Meadow House (Mead House) so 40 is probably not the real value of Tank Cottage but a balancing sum
 
16/02/1943
John Dennett Dickson Burrough born; son of Thomas Hedley Bruce
 
18/11/1946
Hedley Axel Burrough born; son of Thomas Hedley Bruce
 
27/01/1951
Nellie died. Her grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard
 
20/11/1960
Hedley Gravett died. His grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard
 
27/01/1985
Eveline Rose died. Her ashes are under a memorial stone in the All Saints Church graveyard
 
since 1985
This branch of the Burrough family continues to own property at Broad Chalke. There is another person called Burrough in Damerham but he is not sure if he is related. Other persons called Burrough have lived in the Fovant area. There was also a John Burrough in Bowerchalke until recently but although contact with him was attempted he never replied and has probably died
 
 
* source or corroborated by: The Broad Chalke Millennium Book 1999
 
© John Burrough 2004 revised 2011
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