The earliest definite ancestor found for the Broad Chalke branch of the Burrough family is William Burrough who was born in 1723 and lived in Bowerchalke. Burrough is a common surname in Wiltshire, Dorset and Somerset.
The Burrough family were small farmers, basketmakers, builders and carpenters and Thomas (1) moved to Broad Chalke about 1799. They have owned or rented numerous houses and plots of land at the north east part of Broad Chalke and John Burrough, born in 1812, is known to have built two cottages near Sun Cottage.
Several marriages are recorded with members of other local families such as Golding, Gould, Morris, Witt and Arnold.
Three of four brothers in the 1800s were non-conformists and are buried in the United Reformed Church graveyard.
Abner, born in 1823, emigrated to New South Wales with his wife Elizabeth and they returned later.
Hedley, born in 1876, trained as a solicitor and worked as a manager for the YMCA in Brighton and Newport Mon. He returned to Broad Chalke for his retirement and kept pigs, chickens, ducks and geese at Barn Orchard.
Hedley's daughter Eve also retired to Broad Chalke and the family has retained properties to the present day.
The Burrough coat of arms
The Burroughs coat of arms
The name Burroughs was brought to England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Burroughs family lived in Hampshire. The name was given to settlements located near a hill, and is from the Old English beorg, which means hill. It is from one of many English settlements so named that this family take their name.
Spelling variations of this family name include: Burrough, Burgh, Borrows, Burrowes, Burroughs, Burrows, Burroughes and many more. First found in Hampshire where they were descended from Hubert de Burgh, who became Lord of the Manor of Tichfield in that county.
Maria Morris born (first wife of Thomas (2); (source: 1851 Census age 48 born 1803)
Thomas (1) married Nanny Gould (born 1/9/1783)
Thomas Burrough (2) born, son of Thomas (1) and Nanny; became a carpenter and coffin maker
John Burrough (1) bachelor of Bowerchalke married Betsy Norris of Bowerchalke; marriage license; listed in Wiltshire Marriages 1701-1845; assumed to be the same John (1), brother of Thomas (1), and with Will probate dated 27/12/1852. If it is John (1), he was the eldest son of William, and Thomas (1), born in 1771. However, It could be the son John (2) of Richard Burrow. Richard married in 1758 so his son John (2) could be about age 50 at this date. Betsey was aged 62 (born 1779) in the 1841 Bowerchalke Census
Lease from the earl of Pembroke to John Burrough (1?)
John Burrough (3) born, son of Thomas (1) and Nanny; became a builder in Bowerchalke
William Burrough (2) born, son of Thomas (1) and Nanny; became a basketmaker in Broad Chalke
Joan died. Will mentions John (1), Sally, William Golden (Goulding?) on behalf of his wife (Emma), Molly, Thomas (1); John (1) and Thomas (1) mentioned as sons
Abner Burrough born, son of Thomas (1) and Nanny; became a basketmaker and farmer in Broad Chalke; emigrated to New South Wales and returned
Thomas (1) owned Sun Cottage*. Where did he live after 1832 unless he moved to Barn Orchard at this date?
Document of John Burrough (3) mentions brother Abner, a minor
Maria Thick born (second wife of Thomas (2); (source: williamsfamilytree; christened 27/12/1840)
Thomas (2) and William (2) leased Penny Cottage but did not live there*. It is believed that Abner worked there with William as they were both basket-makers but Abner was still a minor so presumably could not be named as a tenant
Thomas (1) died
Thomas (2) owned Scammells now known as Ivon House*
Thomas (2) married Maria (1) Morris. The Church burial records show two other Marias buried in Thomas Burrough graves, one was his second wife and the other a daughter who died young.
Document for purchase of land mentions Thomas (2) of North Street, presumably in Sun Cottage which he had inherited from Thomas (1), as sole purchasor of land "for the lives of Samuel Parrot and William West" but only for the term of his life for 6/8d per annum. Possibly Barn Orchard
Between these dates the Burrough family must have taken possession of Barn Orchard but it could have been as early as 1832
William (2) married Emma Gould
Burial of Thomas Burrows aged 62 at Broad Chalke Church; unknown relationship
Lease of Phoenix Cottage changed from Thomas (2) to Abner*
Abner owned Phoenix Cottage and two gardens*
William and Abner lived in one part of Scammells (Ivon House); Thomas (2) lived at Barn Orchard*
Probate of Will of John Burrough mentions brother Thomas whose sons were Thomas, William and Abner. He is mentioned before Thomas in the Will of Joan Burrough so he is assumed to be older than Thomas. If this was John (1) who was adult in 1797 (covenant 1797), he was born in 1771 (source: Bowerchalke Census 1841) and he would be 81 years old at this date. His brother Thomas (1) had sons Thomas (2), William (2) and Abner. Another son of Thomas (1), John (3), was still alive but not mentioned - why not? If this is the Will of John (3) who would have been 40 years old, then his brother Thomas (2) did not have sons Thomas, William and Abner. John (2) did not have a brother Thomas. It is most likely the Will of John (1) who presumably had no children
Abner married Elizabeth Gould
Abner and Elizabeth emigrated to Australia and lived in New South Wales for a time and daughter Maria Louisa was born and baptised there. Two other children died young in Australia and another after their return.
William (2) owned Sun Cottage; tenanted by George Hewett*
Ann born, daughter of Abner and Elizabeth, died 15/3/1855
Elizabeth Kate born, daughter of Abner and Elizabeth, died 29/10/1856
Maria Louisa born, daughter of Abner and Elizabeth; baptised 22/9/1858 at Ryde, New South Wales; married Frederick Witt
Maria (1) née Morris died and was buried in the grave of Thomas (1) and Nanny because Thomas (2) had not yet died although Maria could not have been a wife of Thomas (1). Maria's name is carved on the back of the headstone. She was aged 58 (Source: Church burial records) although if she was born in 1803 (1851 Census) she would have been about 56; she was about 33 to 35 years old when she married Thomas (2) in 1846 and she died before Thomas (2)'s children were born. Thomas (2) later married Maria née Thick who was 30 years younger than him and they had six children.
Abner, Elizabeth and daughter Maria Louisa returned to Broad Chalke on 27/06/1860. Two other children died young in Australia and another was born and died after their return.
John Alexander born, son of Abner and Elizabeth
William and Emma lived in one part of Scammells (now called Ivon House) and Abner and Elizabeth in the other part*
Julia Ellen Burrough born, daughter of Thomas (2) and Maria (2); married Alfred Hammond. Handley Hammond has information that Julia was "walking out" with Alfred but Maria (2) (C of E) did not approve of marriage to Alfred (a Plymouth Brother and member of the United Reformed Church). Religion or his perceived inadequate job in an outfitter's shop may have been the reason. She became a court dressmaker in Brighton, married someone else there but her husband died so she returned to Broad Chalke and married Alfred, probably still with the disapproval of her mother Maria (2). It seems that Thomas (2) married second wife Maria née Thick, had six children by her, Julia Ellen (born 1863), Adelaide Maria (born 1864, died in infancy), Nellie (born 1865) and Thomas Gravett (born about 1868, died in infancy), Mina Kate and Hedley Gravett. There are three Burrough graves in All Saints' Churchyard; one with Thomas (1), Nanny and Maria (1); one with Adelaide Maria aged 2 years and 8 months and Thomas Gravett aged 23 months; and another with Thomas (2), Maria (2) and Mina Kate with her infant son.
Adelaide Maria Burrough, born, daughter of Thomas (2) and Maria (1)
Cornelia Emma (Nellie) Burrough, born, daughter of Thomas (2) and Maria (1)
Adelaide Maria died aged 2 years and 8 months; buried in a grave next to Thomas (1) because Thomas (2) had not yet died. (Source: Church burial records with surname Burrough)
Thomas Gravett Burrough, born, son of Thomas (2) and Maria (1)
Thomas Gravett died aged 23 months, a child of Thomas and Maria (1), and is buried in the grave of Adelaide Maria next to Thomas (1) because Thomas (2) had not yet died. (Source: Church burial records)
Will of Thomas Burrough (2) mentions two brothers John (3) and William (2), but the third brother Abner is not mentioned although still alive - why not? He had returned from New South Wales. Thomas (2) had not died at this date; he died on 9/4/1880.
Maria Thick is shown as in Bishopstone in the 1871 Census (source: williamsfamilytree) but shown as wife of Thomas (2) in the Broad Chalke 1871 Census
Thomas (2) leased Tank Cottage*
John (3) owned Phoenix Cottage; let it to Fred Witt 1885-1896*
Mina Kate Burrough born, daughter of Thomas (2) and Maria (2); married Mr Arnold; son Harry Arnold and his wife Eve lived in British Columbia and their son Ira is still there. Handley Hammond says that information passed down to him was that Mr Arnold, a farmer, was not held in high regard
Hedley Gravett Burrough born, son of Thomas (2) and Maria (2). (Thomas was 66 years old at this time and she would have been 35 years old). Area manager for YMCA; lived at Eastbourne and Newport Mon.; retired to Barn Orchard, Broad Chalke
Thomas (2) died. His gravestone is in the All Saints Church graveyard. The gravestone shows his wife Maria's name carved before Mina Kate even though Maria (2) died 22 years later than Mina. Possibly the gravestone, which is in excellent condition, is not Thomas's original in 1880 but dates from 1924 when Maria (2) died. The Will, dated 8/12/1870, proved 18/9/1883, mentions land rented from King's College, Cambridge, and says that he lived in North Street, Broad Chalke although another document suggests that he was living in Barn Orchard in 1851
Abner owned Sun Cottage. He and Elizabeth were still there in 1891*
Will of William Burrough (2); mentions brother Abner and the four children of the late Thomas (2), Julia, Cornelia, Mina and Hedley Gravett and niece Louisa Witt, but not brother John (3) who was still alive. Probate 23/12/1895, copy 7/12/1897
William owned Ivon House (previously Scammells)*
William (2) died. His grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard. In his Will he left money to the children of Thomas (2)* but Ivon House became owned by John (3)
John (3) built two cottages near Sun Cottage*
John (3) owned Ivon House; let it to Fred Witt* and eventually Hedley Burrough presumably inherited it from either John or his aunt Maria Louisa (Mrs Witt) and sold it to Captain Dale probably in the 1940s
Abner died. His grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard
Mrs Elizabeth Burrough (Abner's widow) owned Chapel Cottage; leased to Fred Thick after 1907. She also owned Hydon House, a thatched cottage at the time next to a barn at the rear of the Chapel Cottage land*
John (3) died. His grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard
Mrs Elizabeth Burrough (Abner's widow) and Maria Louisa Witt (her daughter) gave a plot of land in High Lane for a nominal ten shillings to enable the manse to be built for the Congregational Church (source: Conveyance in the Broad Chalke Archive)
Mina Kate died aged 29. She is buried with an infant son in the same grave as Thomas (2) and Maria (2). She must have died a long time before her husband so must have been buried in her father's grave
Eveline Rose Burrough born; daughter of Hedley and Caroline Rosina Potter; worked at the Bank of England in London; retired to Barn Orchard and later Penny Cottage, Broad Chalke
Abner's widow Elizabeth lived at Sun Cottage* (probably as owner as Abner had owned it earlier)
Thomas Hedley Bruce Burrough born at Newport (Mon); son of Hedley and Caroline Rosina Potter; Architect in Bristol; married Helen Mary Dickson 18/10/1941
Abner's widow Elizabeth died
John Dennett Burrough born; son of Hedley and Caroline Rosina Potter; killed by bomb at Plymouth 21/4/1941
Document mentions purchase of Broadchalke property, presumably Barn Orchard, for £500 from the Provost & Scholars of King's College, Cambridge vested in the names of Mrs Burrough (Maria) and Mr Hewitt. Since Maria was already living there it must have been rented before
Letters concerning the purchase of Penny Cottage by Eva Penny from Lord Pembroke for £81 including insurances and legal fees.
Maria (2) née Thick died aged 83. In her Will all her estate went to her two step-daughters Julia Ellen Hammond and Cornelia Emma "Nellie" and son Hedley Gravett. Mina had already died.
Hedley bought Tank Cottage from Thomas and Ethel Jeans for £40. About this time it is believed he also swapped a field called Goose Green (beyond the field opposite the entrance to Chalk Pyt House, on the hill beyond the hedge) for a 3 acre field adjacent to Barn Orchard, opposite Meadow House (Mead House) so £40 is probably not the real value of Tank Cottage but a balancing sum
John Dennett Dickson Burrough born; son of Thomas Hedley Bruce
Hedley Axel Burrough born; son of Thomas Hedley Bruce
Nellie died. Her grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard
Hedley Gravett died. His grave is in the United Reformed Church graveyard
Eveline Rose died. Her ashes are under a memorial stone in the All Saints Church graveyard
This branch of the Burrough family continues to own property at Broad Chalke. There is another person called Burrough in Damerham but he is not sure if he is related. Other persons called Burrough have lived in the Fovant area. There was also a John Burrough in Bowerchalke until recently but although contact with him was attempted he never replied and has probably died
* source or corroborated by: The Broad Chalke Millennium Book 1999